The Duchess of Kent and her daughter Victoria were given little financial support from Parliament. The Duchess’ brother Leopold (the future King Leopold I of the Belgians) was the widower of Princess Charlotte and had received a very generous 50,000 pounds per year income from Parliament upon his marriage to Charlotte which was continued after her death. Leopold provided much needed financial and emotional support to his sister and niece. In 1831, with King George IV dead for a year and his younger brother and heir King William IV still without legitimate issue, Victoria’s status as heir presumptive and her mother’s prospective place as regent led to major increases in income. Uncle Leopold became King of the Belgians in 1831, so an additional consideration was the impropriety of a foreign monarch supporting the heir to the British throne. Leopold had surrendered his British income upon his accession to the Belgian throne. The Duchess developed a very close relationship with John Conroy, her household comptroller, who wanted to use his position with the mother of the future queen to obtain power and influence. Conroy and the Duchess tried to control and influence Victoria with their Kensington System, a strict and elaborate set of rules. The Duchess’ relationship with her daughter Victoria suffered greatly and did not normalize until Victoria herself had children. There was no love lost between King William IV and his sister-in-law, the Duchess of Kent. Despite the Regency Act 1830 making the Duchess of Kent regent in case William died while Victoria was still a minor, the king distrusted the duchess’s capacity to be regent. William had been denied access to his young niece as much as the Duchess dared. The Duchess had offended the King by taking rooms in Kensington Palace that the King had reserved for himself. Both before and during William’s reign, the Duchess had snubbed his illegitimate children, the FitzClarences. Source: unofficialroyalty.com #victoriaofkent#duchessofkent#saxecoburgsaalfeld#coburg#queenvictoria#england#germany
Our final stop in Bath was the Roman baths. I'd heard the baths were less crowded and more picturesque at night, so we walked in around 8 PM. It looked significantly less crowded than it had during the day, and the lighting in the evening was amazing.
The exhibits were well-planned. Seeing the excavated sites with artifacts and video painted an amazing picture of what this place would have looked like under Roman rule.
And, like many museums in England, they had a fun kid scavenger hunt and even a separate child audio guide, which Abigail loved.
This is a must-see in Bath.
This picture is I believe from a reenactor, but it is of a German Heer or Waffen SS soldier during the Second World War.
Looking at his uniform and weapon, we see that he is wearing either an M40 or M42 helmet (I can't see if it has rounded edges), a typical German uniform, and is equipped with a Kar98k, the standard issue rifle of the German army.
He seems to be standing in very long grass, and this was common on the Eastern Front, so maybe that's what this person was attempting to reenact.
As you probably know by now, the Kar98k was the weapon most Heer soldiers were equipped with when the Germans invaded the USSR on June 22nd of 1941, and on the contrary to popular belief, it did quite well in he largely open, long range terrain of the Eastern Front.
Where it fell short was close quarter combat in cities such as Stalingrad where brutal street and building fights took place that brought out the flaws in the main German firearm so far in the war.
The Soviets, with their PPSh-41 submachine guns exerted a heavy toll on their German enemies in these environments where the Kar98k simply could not keep up due to its bolt action firing system. The MP40's faired better, but their lower rate of fire put them at a disadvantage as well.
It came down to sheer training, strength, and grit to take every inch of that city, and the Germans had taken over 90% of it before Operation Uranus trapped them inside and eventually forced the 6th Army under Paulus to surrender.
Throughout the rest of the conflict, Germany made it one of its priorities to equip its troops with more high numbers of MP40's and later, the StG 44 (the first assault rifle).